Journey one, being labeled as a sense of place and time, mainly focuses on the history and culture of the Chesapeake. That being said, me and my fellow students had the opportunity to camp like our Native American Indians ancestors would have while also sleeping in hotels exploring a high industrialized city such as Annapolis and Baltimore. With this wide range in time and historical well beings, I’ve had the privilege to learn and observe the change in technology.
Like I have stated in my first blog about camping at chino farms with Dr. Schindler, scavenging and hunting for foods was an all day effort for little calories. In fact, I’m sure I had burned more calories digging up cattail roots than ingesting the little starch that they provided. But having gone digging in the mud for this source of food had taken zero tools to scavenge. It wasn’t much of the starch but the proteins from the nuts and meat we collected. Although we did not have the privilege of watching Schindler strike a squirrel with his home made bow and arrow, he kept his word on providing us enough food to keep our stomach happy. Using the stone tools to cut up the rabbits really efensived the need for this kind of technology back 10,000 years ago. Without these tools, meals took longer to prepare as well as them not being anything to cook the meal in. Bowl technology, in my opinion, was one of the most advance peaces back in that time period. Having to dig up the mud, make it into clay material, form the bowl, and have it so that it can with stain high heat. Without bowls, the Indians would have not been able to bowl the water which is a huge deal when it comes to the sanitation and health of these people. This than helped to sustain a population to which was than developed later on.
While in colonial Williamsburg and historic Jamestown, the change in technology had developed due to the growth in the population. Tools such as the axe and the saw were developed to speed up the process of cutting down trees to make into timber for houses. The use of the plow was invented so it would help turn and loosen the soil to make it easier for the crops to grow on what was hard soils. This new advanced technology helped the population grow more food to store for the harsh winters in Virginia. This brings up another new change in technology that would help the environment in the winter, food storage. Jamestown population plumited during the winter months because they would starve. They relied on the ships to return from England that were full of food. But when the ship never returned, a majority of the people died. They than developed the ability to grow enough crops to store in large barels that was kept out of the environment and in the cold basements. All this change in the technology opened up the colony to develop as a free nation which than became much more industrialized.
While in downtown Annapolis and the port of Baltimore, seeing and learning about all the trades and goods that were imported really defined how much humans have come along in collecting resources. We had gotten the chance to go see the Baltimore Museum of Industries. There were learned all about the advancement in technology that really skyrocketed the nations ability to sustain a dense population on the east coast. What Baltimore, and a like many other harbors along the coastline, developed new tools and technology that gave humans the ability to transport goods everywhere in the world. Canning and refrigeration were among what I believe to be the greatest shift in technology. What canning and refrigeration allowed was processing foods to last much longer as opposed to how it was in colonial Williamsburg and Jamestown. There, they could only cook the foods that were expected to be eaten by the end of the night. I know this is a large gap talking about 300 years ago, to the 20th century, but it was what we were given to observe on the journey. However, much like in Williamsburg and the ability to store foods, canning was new because it allowed us humans to ship our goods further distances without the threat of it going bad. This allowed trading among countries and a variety in human diets which allowed to population to grow even more.
In all, the change in technology over time has helped humans to become less scarce with food sources and change how we think of foods. One thing I thought was interesting that Schindler said was when the Indians searched for their food, they tried to get the most calories. Now that for most humans, searching for food is no longer an issue and we now look for products that have less calories. I could expand on this subject more but I won’t. Reality is, if there was no discovery in something as simple as a bowl and a knife made of stone, we humans would have ceased to have exists.